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CanSino, Moderna, Novavax: A list of Covid vaccines under clinical trials across the world part 1

At least 129 Covid-19 vaccines are in the preclinical stage, while 18 are currently being tested on human volunteers.

With the coronavirus pandemic continuing to claim thousands of lives across the globe every day, the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) has decided to fast-track clinical trials of the indigenous Covid-19 vaccine, which it is producing with the Bharat Biotech International Limited (BBIL).

Not only ICMR, but the scientific community and medical researchers across the world are working on war-footing to come up with a vaccine for the deadly virus as early as possible.

We brings you a list of all the vaccine candidates currently undergoing clinical trials around the world.

Oxford vaccine
Developed by the University of Oxford in collaboration with pharmaceutical company AstraZeneca, the ChAdOx1-S vaccine is currently undergoing Phase 3 clinical trials in human volunteers.

The vaccine contains a virus called ChAdOx1 — a weakened and non-replicating version of a common cold virus (adenovirus) — which has been engineered to express the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein.

The spike protein of the novel coronavirus allows it to enter human cells. The presence of this protein also triggers immune response in a body.

The Oxford vaccine has already been evaluated in a large clinical trial in the UK where more than 4,000 participants have been enrolled.

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